ribosomes in a cell News
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Thanks for stopping by, this is 2 minute classroom and today we are talking about the structure and function of ribosomes, which are a key player in protein synthesis.
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Ribosomes are an underrated hero of the cell and the average mammalian cell has about 10 million ribosomes! They are made of RNA and protein and their function in the cell is to read RNA and synthesize protein, very meta.
Ribosomes have two major subunits, simply called, the large and small subunits. Both subunits contain protein and RNA. The RNA in ribosomes is called (not surprisingly) ribosomal RNA, or rRNA for short.
In eukaryotic cells, ribosomes are synthesized in the nucleolus of the nucleus. The location of ribosomes in the cell determines where the protein they make ends up. Ribosomes free floating in the cytoplasm of the cell synthesize proteins to be used within the cell, while ribosomes bound to the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum synthesize proteins that will end up outside the cell, either bound to the cell membrane or released from the cell as a signaling protein for example.
Ribosomes synthesize protein in a process called translation where they “read” strands of mRNA and bring the right amino acids together to build a long polypeptide chain that that will eventually become a functioning protein. I’ll make a separate video about this whole process and link it below when it's ready.
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Webmitochondria are visible with the light microscope but can’t be seen in detail. Ribosomes are only visible with the electron microscope. Cell structures and their functions most. This means they have a nucleus and other structures which are surrounded by membranes. A generalised animal cell and its components mitochondria (singular:.
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